Mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose. This problematic cancer has outward symptoms and microscopic signs similar to other types of cancer, as well as other less serious illnesses. Receiving an accurate diagnosis is important for all health problems. However, when the condition is aggressive and life-threatening like mesothelioma, a misdiagnosis can be deadly.

Mesothelioma can be misdiagnosed in several ways. Since accurate and early diagnosis is important for effective treatment, people exposed to asbestos, or who experience persistent symptoms of mesothelioma, are encouraged to seek a second opinion.

The Difficulty of Diagnosing Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is notoriously difficult to diagnose. The time between initial exposure to asbestos and a confirmed diagnosis of mesothelioma is call the latency period. The average latency period for mesothelioma is several decades. Asbestos fibers lodged in the mesothelium cause damage over time, although symptoms may not present for 20 years or more. Trying to diagnose mesothelioma so long after exposure is challenging.

Confusing symptoms also make mesothelioma tough to diagnose. When a doctor sees someone with symptoms like chest pain, cough, and difficulty breathing, there are more common conditions the doctor may suspect. Even if the doctor suspects cancer, the signs of mesothelioma mimic those of lung cancer, which is more common.

More detailed diagnostic tests like CT, MRI, and PET scans cannot definitively diagnose mesothelioma. Images of mesothelioma tumors can look like lung cancer. Even a biopsy of the tumor cells is an imperfect tool because the cells of mesothelioma tumors look similar to other types of cancer cells.

Common Misdiagnoses

Because mesothelioma is rare, difficult to diagnose, and has symptoms that mimic those of other conditions, it is often misdiagnosed. Symptoms like a persistent cough, shortness of breath, and chest pains for pleural mesothelioma can lead to a misdiagnosis. Likewise, abdominal pain, stomach upset, diarrhea, and cramping for peritoneal mesothelioma can have the same result.

Pleural mesothelioma is often misdiagnosed as an upper respiratory infection. It may be misdiagnosed as bronchitis, pneumonia, emphysema, asthma, chronic pulmonary obstructive disorder, or a type of lung cancer. Peritoneal mesothelioma may be misdiagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, a hernia, or even ovarian cancer. Although it is very rare, pericardial mesothelioma may also be misdiagnosed as heart disease or heart failure.


Please visit   for more information on mesothelioma. 

Alcohol and breast cancer


November 2, 2017 ( with thanks to Ruth De Quincey (Cassiobury Court) for providing this information. )

In this blog post, we present an infographic that weighs up recent studies that say drinking moderate amounts of alcohol could increase the risk of getting breast cancer. Almost unbelievably, just over one in ten women will suffer from breast cancer in their lifetimes. Recent studies say these risks are increased in proportion to the number of alcohol units a woman consumes on a regular basis. The infographic is well researched, and we have added links to resources we used when designing the infographic. Towards the end of the infographic, we outline steps women can take to help reduce the risk of getting breast cancer.

As a national provider of alcohol rehab services, we have seen first hand the many ways alcohol inflicts pain and suffering on people those affected by alcoholism. Current research also indicates that consuming alcohol may also inflict a similar degree of suffering on those who consider themselves to be moderate drinking.

In 2016-2017, the UK Government has now readjusted its advice by not stating that alcohol consumption cannot be considered 'safe' no matter how little is consumed. The experts who advised on this altered stance admit that the impetus for this was research linking low levels of alcohol consumption to cancer. 




Cancer causes and how to reduce the risk of developing Cancer

Many people believe that getting cancer is purely down to genes, fate or bad luck. But through scientific research, we know that our risk actually depends on a combination of our genes, our environment and aspects of our lives, many of which we can control.

Cancer is caused by damage to our DNA, the chemical instructions that tell our cells what to do. Things in our environment, such as UV rays, or our lifestyle, such as the cancer-causing chemicals in tobacco, can damage our DNA. This damage builds up over time. If a cell develops too much damage to its DNA it can start to multiply out of control – this is how cancer starts.

Find out more about what cancer is and how it grows.

Family history and inherited genes

Some people inherit damaged DNA from their parents, which can give them a higher risk of certain cancers. For example the BRCA genes are linked with breast, ovarian, prostate and other cancers. But the proportion of cancers caused by inherited faulty genes is small.

Read more about inherited genes and cancer.

How many cancers could be prevented?

In the UK, more than 1 in 2 people will develop cancer at some point in their lives. Every year, more than 331,000 people are diagnosed with the disease. But experts estimate that more than 4 in 10 cancer cases could be prevented by lifestyle changes, such as:

Surveys of the population have shown that people aren’t necessarily aware that all of these things are linked to cancer. For example, the Cancer Research UK funded Perceptions of Risk Survey in 2008 found that only 3% of the people polled knew that being overweight or obese could increase their risk of cancer.

Download the Perceptions of Risk Survey results

Read more detailed information comparing the causes of different types of cancer in the UK.

Need some inspiration?

Jeff, Mark, Maria and Emilie have all made changes towards a healthier lifestyle. Watch them explain what inspired them to make a change, how they did it and the way they feel about their lifestyles now


Find Jeff, Maria, Emilie and Mark's full stories on our smoking, alcohol and obesity pages.

Making lifestyle changes can be difficult, but there are so many benefits. Try to find tricks that make it easier to get into healthy habits, such as being active with a friend, keeping track of what you eat or drink, or letting your friends and family know about what you're doing.

You can read our tips and advice for making healthier choices in different areas of your lifestyle in this section. And there are lots of other sources of information and support, such as the Change 4 Life website (link is external) or your GP or pharmacist.

Is prevention a guarantee?

Preventing cancer doesn’t work in the same way as preventing infectious diseases with vaccines.

‘Healthy living’ is not a cast-iron guarantee against cancer. But it stacks the odds in your favour, by reducing the risk of developing the disease.

For example, we know that it’s possible for a heavy smoker to live a cancer-free life, while someone who never touches cigarettes could develop lung cancer. But lots of large long-term studies clearly show that people who have never smoked are far less likely to develop or die from cancer than smokers.

In the same way, careful drivers cannot guarantee that they will never get into an accident due to events beyond their control, but they are much less likely to do so than reckless ones.

You can read more about understanding risk on our Science Blog.

Can lifestyle changes really make a difference?

Yes, and not just for cancer. In 2008, a large UK study worked out how a combination of four healthy behaviours would affect your health. These were: not smoking; keeping active; moderating how much alcohol you drink; and eating five daily portions of fruit and vegetables.

People who ticked all four healthy boxes gained an average of 14 years of life compared to people who did not do any of them. By the end of the study, they were less likely to have died from any cause.

You can read more about four healthy behaviours on our Science Blog.



Cancer Charities

Oncology systems limited have a brilliant website with links to a range of charities including some regional and some cancer specific charities. The links below will take you the appropriate place on OSL's website.  

ACORRN - Action Radiotherapy

A UK cancer charity supporting radiotherapy research and clinical practice.

ACORRN website

African Caribbean Leukaemia Trust

Aims to raise awareness of the need for people of African descent to join the Bone Marrow Registers, and to support and assist black people and people of mixed parentage suffering from leukaemia and other related cancers.

African Caribbean Leukaemia Trust website

Against Breast Cancer

Aims to raise funds for research into producing a vaccine against breast cancer and for long term survival after breast cancer.

Against Breast Cancer website

Anthony Nolan Trust

A national charity that finds matches for leukaemia patients who need a lifesaving transplant.

Anthony Nolan Trust website

Asian Women's Breast Cancer Group

Supports Asian women affected by breast cancer.

Asian Women's Breast Cancer Group website

Beating Bowel Cancer

A national charity working to highlight awareness of symptoms, promote early diagnosis and encourage open access to treatment choice for those affected by bowel cancer. Through its work it aims to save lives from this common cancer.

Beating Bowel Cancer website

Bob Champion Cancer Trust

Founded in 1983, the Trust supports research and patient care relating to young men with testicular cancer, and also to prostate and bladder cancer.

Bob Champion Cancer Trust website

Bone Cancer Research Trust

Promotes research into the causes and treatment of Primary Bone Cancer and in particular of Osteosarcoma and Ewing's Sarcoma. The Trust is also looking to provide information, support and, in the longer term, counselling services for those suffering from Primary Bone Cancer, and their families.

Bone Cancer Research Trust website

Bowel Cancer UK

Established in 1987, Bowel Cancer UK is dedicated to raising awareness, improving the quality of those affected and ultimately, reducing deaths from bowel cancer – the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK. The charity was previously known as Colon Cancer Concern (CCC).

Bowel Cancer UK website

Brain Tumour Action

Has support groups in Edinburgh, Glasgow, the Borders, Middlesbrough and Newcastle. Offers "befriender" telephone service, information leaflets, "keep in touch" pager scheme to enable patients and carers to keep in touch when spending time apart, quarterly newsletter, aromatherapy for patients in Edinburgh, Lothians, Fife and Borders, discussion forum or "virtual support group" on website, with three senior neuro-oncology nurse specialists help on helpline.

Brain Tumour Action website

Brain Tumour UK

Provides information, advice and support for anyone directly or indirectly touched by brain tumours. Aims to raise awareness amongst patients, health professionals, the media and general public, and promote and support research into the causes, and treatments for brain tumours.

Brain Tumour UK website

Breakthrough Breast Cancer

Merged with the UK Breast Cancer Coalition to form Breakthrough CAN.

Breakthrough CAN

Breakthrough Breast Cancer Campaigns and Advocacy Network, or Breakthrough CAN for short, was created from the merger between the UK Breast Cancer Coalition (UKBCC) and Breakthrough Breast Cancer.

Breakthrough CAN's aim is to bring together individuals and organisations to campaign for improvements in breast cancer services across the country. Through supporting and training members, Breakthrough CAN will help to increase the influence of people in decisions made about breast cancer.

Breakthrough CAN website

Breast Cancer Care

For women with benign breast problems how to deal with breast pain and a checklist which lists all the information needed to discuss with GPs when you discover a lump.

Breast Cancer Care website

Breast Cancer Haven

Aims to lead the way in complementary and alternative medicine in helping to heal the mind, body and spirit, through group support and individual programmes. Works with healthcare professionals to promote integrated breast cancer care.

Breast Cancer Haven website

British Liver Trust

Charity with dedicated resources for people with liver disease, including liver cancer.

British Liver Trust website

Butterfly Thyroid Cancer Trust

Offers telephone support and information, one to one buddy system, support group meetings, visiting speakers and hospital visits.

Butterfly Thyroid Cancer Trust website


Cancer52 has grown from an initial group brought together at the request of the National Cancer Director, Mike Richards to input into the Cancer Reform Strategy.

Named because 52% of cancer deaths in the UK are from the less common cancers (i.e. excluding the ‘big four’: bowel, breast, lung and prostate), although in 2010 this proportion increased to 53%.

Cancer52 is an alliance of more than 40 organisations working to address the inequalities that exist in policy, services and research into the less common cancers and to improve outcomes for patients with these highly challenging diseases. Most who work for the organisation give their time and resources on a voluntary basis.

Cancer52 website

Cancer Black Care (CBC)

CBC core services include dietary needs, befriending, counselling, advocacy, grant applications, gateway to allied service, home/hospital/hospice visits, telephone/face to face contact, advice on general welfare benefits, community health awareness events, provides support throughout illness.

Cancer Black Care website

Cancer Counselling Trust

The Trust offers free face to face and telephone counselling sessions to cancer patients, their family or friends and also offer support if a friend or relative has died of cancer. The Trust is staffed by a team of experienced cancer psychotherapists and counsellors.

Cancer Counselling Trust website

Cancer Laryngectomee Trust

A national charity for laryngectomees and their families. Activities include a patient to patient scheme. Informal, one to one counselling offered. Health professionals involved in an advisory capacity. Books, newsletters. The book 'Laryngectomy Is Not A Tragedy' by Sydney Norgate is free to all patients and health professionals.

Cancer Laryngectomee Trust website

Cancer Research UK

The UK's leading charity dedicated to cancer research. Its websites have a wealth of information about cancer, its research, how to donate and ways to support Cancer Research UK.

Cancer Research UK is the leading funder of cancer research in the UK from understanding the biology of cancer to cancer prevention. It produces information for audiences including cancer patients and their families, the general public and health professionals.

Cancer Research UK website

Cancer Research UK Familial Ovarian Cancer Register

An on-going study of familial ovarian cancer, launched in 1991.

Cancer Research UK Familial Ovarian Cancer Register website

Cancer Support Scotland

Offers free counselling, therapies, and support groups for anyone affected by cancer including patients, families, friends, carers in Scotland.

Cancer Support Scotland website


Merged with Macmillan Cancer Support.

Childhood Eye Cancer Trust

Charity provides information about retinoblastoma (Rb), how to play a part in our vision and how we can help you.

Childhood Eye Cancer Trust website

Christian Lewis Trust: Children's Cancer Charity

Aims to improve the quality of life for children with cancer and to provide emotional and practical support that complements and adds value to the services provided by the statutory authorities.

Services offered are bereavement support, befriending, play therapy, an opportunity to stay at Donna's Dream House in Blackpool, Disneyland Paris and Disney World Florida Holiday Programmes, and crisis breaks via four mobile home sites in Wales.

Christian Lewis Trust website

Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia Support Group

The CML Support Group is a patient lead advocacy group providing information, support and advice for those diagnosed with CML.

A founding member of European Cancer Patients Coalition and, in addition to CML patient advocacy groups in EU member states, it also has contacts with CML patient groups worldwide.

Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia Support Group website

CLIC Sargent

A charity providing services for children and young people with cancer. Provides professional help and practical care to children (under 21 years of age) diagnosed with cancer, and to their families.

Supports the family at home and in the hospital from day of diagnosis. Gives financial assistance to families in need. Provides short therapeutic holidays for these young people and their families.

CLIC Sargent website


Breast cancer awareness charity that educates young people on the importance of checking their boobs regularly and knowing the signs and symptoms of breast cancer.

Coppafeel website

Eve Appeal

Funds research into prevention, diagnosis and treatment options for ovarian cancer and other gynaecological cancers.

Eve Appeal website

Gynae C

A national help line for gynaecological related cancers.

Gynae C website

Helen Rollason Cancer Charity

Dedicated to supporting people whose lives are touched by cancer. Offers cancer support centres and cancer research teams undertake studies into the disease and offer clinical trials.

Helen Rollason Cancer Charity website

Help Adolescents With Cancer (HAWC)

A self help group mainly for adolescents with cancer and other life threatening illness. Provides telephone and letter support, a patient to patient scheme, group and one to one counselling, a counselling course, and an annual holiday in Jersey.

Help Adolescents With Cancer website

Hereditary Breast Cancer Helpline

A national helpline providing information and help to women concerned about a family history of breast cancer. An information pack is available. Also holds a database of women who are in this position and who are happy to talk to others.

Hereditary Breast Cancer Helpline website

Humberside Oesophageal Support Group

Aims to help anyone with oesophageal problems. Usually people with oesophageal cancer, but many members have Barratt's Oesophagus, severe acid reflux and similar problems. It provides moral support and tips drawn from their own experiences.

Humberside Oesophageal Support Group website

Jo's Trust

Charity dedicated to women, their families and friends affected by pre-cancer and cancer of the cervix. Provides confidential medical advice via email to doctors with a specialist interest in gynaecological cancer. Plus a bulletin board that provides an open chat forum for women and others to share mutual experiences.

Jo's Trust website

June Hancock Mesothelioma Research Fund

Raising funds for research into mesothelioma.

June Hancock Mesothelioma Research Fund website

Kidney Cancer UK

Aims to provide UK kidney cancer patients and their carers with improved access to reliable information about kidney cancer and its treatment, and to establish a network of individuals and groups.

Kidney Cancer UK website

Let’s Face It

A national mutual help organisation for people with any facial disfigurement.

Let's Face It website

Leukaemia Research Fund (LRF)

Funds clinical trials and research. Also publishes booklets on leukaemia, lymphoma, myeloma and other blood cancers.

Leukaemia Research Fund website

Lymphoma Association

Provides information and emotional support to anyone with lymphatic cancer, their families, carers and friends. Provides information on lymphoma associated topics, a network of local support groups and telephone links to others with a similar experience of lymphoma.

Lymphoma Association website

Lynch Syndrome UK

Lynch Syndrome UK is a new charity stemming from a long running support group on Facebook and offers support and information to people and their families affected by Lynch Syndrome.

Lynch Syndrome UK website

Macmillan Butterfly Centre

Cancer information and support centre for people affected by cancer. It provides a limited number of free complementary therapies, emotional support and counselling - for people recently diagnosed with cancer and their close relatives.

Macmillan Butterfly Centre website

Macmillan Cancer Support

UK-wide charity working to improve the lives of people affected by cancer. Provides practical, medical, emotional and financial support and pushes for better cancer care.

It works with people with cancer from the point of diagnosis to provide: expert treatment and care through specialist Macmillan nurses and doctors; buildings for cancer treatment and care; grants for patients in financial difficulties.

Macmillan also runs the Macmillan CancerLine providing information for patients and their carers about Macmillan services.

Macmillan Cancer Support website

Marie Curie Cancer Care (MCCC)

Provides free high quality nursing, to give terminally ill people the choice of dying at home supported by their families. The charity also has 10 hospices across the UK.

Marie Curie Cancer Care website

Mesothelioma UK

Provides impartial, up to date information for relating to malignant mesothelioma for patients and their carers. A national free phone helpline provides access to advice, lists of local contacts, and other sources of information.

Mesothelioma UK website

Mouth Cancer Foundation

The Mouth Cancer Foundation was established in June 2004 to be a professional support organization solely dedicated to supporting people with mouth, throat and other head and neck cancers face the crisis of cancer.

Mouth Cancer Foundation website

Myeloma UK

Provides information and support to people with myeloma and their families. Offers: bi-monthly newsletter; patient and family seminars; freephone information service; information packages; assistance with setting up and contacting support groups.

Myeloma UK website

Mulberry Centre

An independent charity located in the grounds of the West Middlesex University Hospital in Isleworth, Middlesex.

They offer access to information, advice and support within a non-clinical and welcoming environment to all those affected by the diagnosis of cancer.

The Mulberry Centre website

National Cancer Alliance (NCA)

An alliance of patients, carers and health professionals working together to improve the treatment and care of all cancer patients in Britain. Has produced targeted information resources, working with local NHS and community organisations, including a video in Asian languages titled 'Cancer Stories' and a 'Teamwork File' for health professional and patients working together.

National Cancer Alliance website

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

The American National Cancer Institute has detailed patient information about liver cancer.

NCI website

NET Patient Foundation

A charity for people with or affected by neuroendocrine tumours. Aim is to provide information but also offer support and friendship to both patients and their families.

NET Patient Foundation website


Formed to promote awareness of oesophageal cancer. It also intends to encourage research into the causes of oesophageal cancer and to develop information and support services for patients and their families.

Ochre website

Oesophageal Patient's Association

The Oesophageal Patients Association is a national registered charity and was formed in 1985 when a few former oesophageal cancer patients met and found reassurance in sharing experiences. The members of the Association are all patients who have experienced oesophageal or gastric difficulties. They have prepared medically approved booklets and fact sheets on the problems of oesophageal cancer.

Oesophageal Patients' Association website

Offering Support to Children and Relatives (OSCAR)

A support group for children with brain or spinal tumours and their families. Offers support in the form of days out, contact with other families, small financial grants and holiday accommodation. Also provides information on various tumours and their treatment.

Offering Support to Children and Relatives website

Orchid Cancer Appeal

Funds research and to promote awareness into prostate and testicular cancer.

Orchid Cancer Appeal website


Ovacome is a nationwide support group for all those concerned with ovarian cancer, involving sufferers, families, friends, carers and health professionals. This site is designed for women with ovarian cancer, their families, friends and carers, and health professionals. It includes real-life stories about how other people have coped with the disease and information about treatment, screening and research. There are also opportunities to contact other people with ovarian cancer.

Ovacome website

Ovarian Cancer Action

Aims to improve the survival of women with ovarian cancer by raising awareness of symptoms and risk factors, funding research and giving women a voice.

Ovarian Cancer Action website



Pancreatic Cancer UK

A national voluntary organisation working with medical professionals to identify the needs for improvements in services and information as well as research. Provide a support network for patients and carers as well as a means of raising funds for increased research.

Pancreatic Cancer UK website

Prostate Cancer Research Centre

A charity providing support and information to anyone concerned about prostate cancer via a range of information resources, a confidential helpline, and a specialist nurse programme.

Support is also available from the charity's networkers who have been affected by prostate cancer themselves. The charity also funds research into the causes of, and treatments for the disease.

Prostate Cancer Research Centre website

Prostate Cancer Support Association (PSA)

A self-help association (registered charity) providing support for those affected by prostate cancer. PSA was set up by a small group of prostate cancer patients in 1995 and has developed into a national association of self-help and support groups, based mainly in the South East of England.

Prostate Cancer Support Association website

Prostate Help Association

A source of information mainly in regard to Prostate Cancer, Prostatitis and Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.

Prostate Help Association website

Prostate Research Campaign UK

Charity which fights against all prostate diseases including prostate cancer. It funds both medical research and the training of healthcare professionals, provides free information on all prostate diseases and campaigns to raise public awareness.

Prostate Research Campaign UK website

Prostate Scotland

A Scottish charity set up to provide information, advice and help on prostate health and diseases of the prostate.

Prostate Scotland website

The Rarer Cancers Foundation (RCF)

A national charity whose mission is to ensure that people with rarer cancers have access to the best services and outcomes in Europe. RCF raises awareness for people affected by rare or less common cancers.

RCF provides a helpline, produces education resources for patients, their families and health professionals, organises supportive networking for patients, carers and clinicians and, most importantly, campaigns for change.

The Rarer Cancers Foundation website

Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation

Dedicated to defeating lung cancer, the biggest cancer killer in the world. The Foundation funds research into the early diagnosis of the disease, provides support to patients and their families, as well as helping people to quit smoking and providing anti-smoking education for children and young people.

Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation website

Sail 4 Cancer

An organisation that aims to raise funds for cancer treatment care and research through the organisation of high profile sailing events.

Sail 4 Cancer website

Samantha Dickson Research Trust

A charity promoting and sponsoring brain tumour research and offering support and advice to anyone directly or indirectly touched by brain tumours. The support offers users direct advice from its Scientific and Medical Advisory Board.

Samantha Dickson Research Trust website

Sarcoma UK

Provides information about sarcoma and its treatments, offers email support, in some cases can arrange patient-to-patient contact.

Sarcoma UK website

Scottish Association of Prostate Cancer Groups

National charity making more people aware of prostate cancer by encouraging improvements in early detection and treatment methods, providing treatment information, offering practical and emotional support for men and their carers affected by prostate cancer.

Scottish Association of Prostate Cancer Groups website

Target Ovarian Cancer

Target Ovarian Cancer is the national ovarian cancer charity working to save lives and help women diagnosed live their lives to the full, wherever they are in the UK. We provide support for women with ovarian cancer via our website, publications, our programme of events and courses, all available free of charge.

Target Ovarian Cancer’s website

Teenage Cancer Trust

Funds and organises support and information for young people with cancer, their families, schools and health professionals. Establishes purpose-built Teenage Cancer Trust units and campaigns for better services for young people with cancer.

Teenage Cancer Trust website

Teenagers and Young Adults with Cancer (TYAC)

TYAC brings together all professionals involved in care of teenagers and young adults with cancer; aims to improve knowledge about all aspects of cancer in young people for those involved in their care; will work to improve cancer services for young people and outcomes of treatment; would like your help if you are interested in or are involved in caring for young people with cancer.

Teenagers and Young Adults with Cancer website

Thyroid Cancer Support UK

An online service only group which gives personal experience of thyriod cancer and treatments etc. Also provides discussion and support.

Thyroid Cancer Support UK website

Urostomy Association

Assists people who have, or are about to have, a urinary diversion of any kind. The Association was formed in 1971 as the Urinary Conduit Association to help people who are about to undergo or have undergone surgery resulting in diversion of the urinary stream.

Urostomy Association website

Vulva Awareness Campaign Organisation (VACO)

Supported by gynaecological health professionals who are also involved in producing written information about this rare cancer.

Vulva Awareness Campaign Organisation website

Wessex Cancer Trust

Covers Hampshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, The Channel Islands and the Isle of Wight. Within this region, it sends out patient information folders to hospitals, as well as distributing a range of information leaflets free of charge. Counselling and complementary therapies are provided in Southampton and in Romsey. The Trustees also consider applications for major grants to improve cancer care services or conduct research into cancer within the Wessex region.

Wessex Cancer Trust website


This page is dedicated to Mike Dicks. Amazing Person. Amazing paramedic and....Amazing friend.